At Vet Referrals we focus on diagnosing and treating diseases of the heart and some lung conditions, which include:

  • High blood pressure (hypertension)
  • Congestive heart failure (CHF)
  • Heart muscle disease (Dilated cardiomyopathy or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy)
  • Cardiac arrhythmias (problems with the rate and/or rhythm of your animal’s heart)
  • Age related changes to the valves of the heart (Degenerative mitral valve disease)
  • Coughing and other breathing problems
  • Pulmonary hypertension (high blood pressure in the lungs)
  • Congenital (present at birth) heart defects
  • Diseases of the pericardium (sac surrounding the heart)
  • Cardiac tumours

The team at Vet Referrals will perform a complete physical examination on your pet. They will review your animal’s past history and current medications. Based on these findings they may proceed with one or more of the following tests:

  • Blood pressure evaluation
  • Radiography (x-rays) - of the chest and lungs
  • Echocardiography (sonogram) - ultrasound imaging of the heart
  • Electrocardiography (ECG) - electrical reading of the heart’s rhythm

Our goal is to improve the length and quality of life for animals with heart disease. We offer a wide range of diagnostic and therapeutic services for animals with heart disease and heart failure.


Cardiology Services


Advanced Echocardiography

  • Congenital
  • Acquired
  • Bubble test
  • Cardio-oncology
  • Cardio-renal axis management
  • Systemic ill related


  • ECG
  • ECG under pharmacologic or physical stress
  • Holter 24-72 hours
  • Implantable loop recorder

Selective Angiography

Advanced anesthesia and monitoring for cardiopathy patients.


Endovascular interventions

Patent Ductus Arteriosus occlusion Pulmonary valvuloplasty Cor triatiatum dexter Cor triatiatum sinister
Atrial septal defect occlusion Mitral ring stenosis Subaortic dilatation Pulmonary arteries stent
Pulmonar valve stent Doble-chamber ballon dilatation Heartworm extraction Pacemaker implantation
Aortic coartation Angiographic selected thrombolysis


Angiographic selected thrombosys treatment Cardiac biopsy
Portosystemic shunt Caudal aortha stent Renal stent Caudal Vena Cava Stent


Hybrid interventions

Atrial septal defect closure Pulmonary valvuloplasty TEER (in the next year)


Cardiovascular Surgery

Modified Blalock Taussig vascular graft (ToF) Modified Waterston shunt vascular graft
Pott shunt vascular Graft Glenn shunt vascular graft
Systemic-pulmonary shunts occlusion Aberrant coronary occlusion
Epicardial pacemaker implantation Thoracic Duct occlusion
Endarterectomy (Carcinomatous vessel invasion) Vascular patch and graft
Cor Triatiatum Dexter Cor Triatiatum Sinister
Mitral Ring Stenosis


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